MGF and TF Treffen 2005

Friday August 26

Today we visit the castles of King Ludwig

Linderhof Palace

The "Royal Villa" of Ludwig II, originated as a hunting lodge belonging to his father Maximilian II – the "Königshäuschen". It was enlarged by Georg Dollmann between 1870 and 1872 with a U-shaped complex centred on the King’s Bedchamber. Like its predecessor, the new building was a wooden post-and-infill construction. Dining room (Click on the picture to enlarge) It was not until 1874 that the exterior façade was clad in stone, and the old hunting lodge was taken down and rebuilt in the park. The palace was then completed with the Hall of Mirrors and Staircase and furnished in the style of the "second Rococo" period.

The Palace Park was completed from 1870 to 1880 from designs by Carl von Effner. Surrounding the palace are imitation baroque gardens and terraces and cascades in the Italian Renaissance style. The adjoining landscape garden continues into the mountain forest of the Ammergau Mountains. Ludwig II introduced architectural features into the park based on the world of the Orient, such as the Moorish Kiosk and the Moroccan House, and on scenes from Wagner's music dramas such as the Venus Grotto, Hunding's Hut and the Hermitage of Gurnemanz.

Neuschwanstein Castle

Which King Ludwig II built on a rugged hill against a backdrop of picturesque mountain scenery, was prompted by the idea of rebuilding an existing ruin "in the authentic style of the old German knights’ castles", as he wrote in a letter to Richard Wagner. The castle was built by Eduard Riedel and Georg Dollmann from idealized sketches by the scene painter Christian Jank. While the building itself imitates the 13th-century Romanesque style, the paintings inside predominantly depict scenes from Wagner’s operas such as "Tannhäuser" and "Lohengrin". The Singers’ Hall is modelled on the banqueting hall of the Wartburg near Eisenach; the decoration includes wall paintings illustrating the Parzival saga. Throne Hall - The church-like Throne Hall was modelled on Byzantine domed architecture and the Allerheiligenhofkirche (All-Saints Church) in the Munich Residence and symbolizes Ludwig II’s idea of a monarchy by God’s grace. Neuschwanstein is not a copy of a medieval castle but a typical Historicist creation.